BIO 265L: Human Anatomy and Physiology II
BIO 265L: Human Anatomy and Physiology II is the second part of a two semester course that prepares students for further study in the health and medical fields. Most students must take both the lecture portion and the lab portion to fulfill prerequisite requirements. This course is the lab course for BIO 265. It includes 11 modules that will help you learn anatomy for the cardiovascular system, respiratory system, digestive system, urinary system, and reproductive system. This course will also have some labs that cover important physiological processes in these systems. When a lab requires you to learn anatomy, you will take quizzes similar to the BIO 264 labs and fill-in-the-blank questions will appear on the lab exams. When the lab requires you to learn some physiology principles, you will be required to submit an online worksheet to have your answers graded.
This course will be organized as shown below:
Module 01: Introduction and Special Senses
- 1.1 Describe the 5 types of taste receptors and their location within papillae on the tongue.
- 1.2 Determine the density of papillae on the tongue.
- 1.3 Explain how humans adapt smells.
- 1.4 Determine visual acuity and discuss what it means to be "legally blind."
- 1.5 Explain how the eye adapts for near and far vision.
- 1.6 Determine the near point of vision, and explain what presbyopia is.
- 1.7 Explain visual astigmatism, and test for astigmatism.
- 1.8 Explain a visual blind spot, and experience this blind spot.
- 1.9 Explain conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.
- 1.10 Explain echolocation and how that might be possible in humans.
Module 02: Cardiovascular Anatomy
- 2.1 Identify and understand key terminology relating to the anatomy of the heart.
- 2.2 Identify and understand key terminology relating to the anatomy of the circulatory vessels (arteries and veins).
Module 03: EKG, Pulses, and Blood Pressure
- 3.1 Explain each normal EKG wave and what it means.
- 3.2 Describe Einthoven's triangle and how to set one up.
- 3.3 Describe what the PR interval, QRS interval, QT interval, and ST segment is and what kinds of things might cause them to change.
- 3.4 Explain what the electrical axis of the heart is.
- 3.5 Find an electrical axis from an EKG tracing.
- 3.6 Recognize some basic abnormal EKG tracings.
- 3.7 Describe what a pulse is, and take a pulse at several given arteries.
- 3.8 Explain what systolic and diastolic pressures are and how to measure them with a sphygmomanometer and a stethoscope.
- 3.9 Explain the heart sounds S1, S2, S3, and S4.
Module 04: Blood Lab
- 4.1 Identify the different types of white blood cells, and explain their major functions.
- 4.2 Explain how blood typing works. Identify acceptable and unacceptable blood transfusions with ABO and Rh blood grouping.
- 4.3 Explain a hematocrit and what kinds of things in physiology can change it.
- 4.4 Describe what a lipid profile is, and discuss what the values mean for LDL, total cholesterol, triglycerides, and HDL.
Module 05: Respiratory System and Lung Volumes
- 5.1 Measure and explain standard lung volumes.
- 5.2 Describe obstructive and restrictive lung pathology.
- 5.3 Discuss an FEV1, and measure an FEV1.
- 5.4 Explain what an FEV1/FVC ratio is and how restrictive and obstructive lung pathology changes these.
- 5.5 Describe negative and positive pressure ventilation and how humans may use these principles when breathing.
Module 06: Respiratory and Digestive System Anatomy
- 6.1 Identify and understand key terminology relating to the anatomy of the respiratory system.
- 6.2 Identify and understand key terminology relating to the anatomy of the digestive system.
Module 07: Autonomic Nervous System Case Study
- 7.1 Use a case study approach to research and understand the autonomic nervous system neurotransmitters and receptors.
- 7.2 Use a case study approach to research and understand signs and symptoms of organophosphate poisoning and pheochromocytoma.
Module 08: Urinalysis
- 8.1 Describe what a urinalysis reagent test strip is, and use some provided results to solve a medical issue.
- 8.2 Discuss what glomerular filtration rate is and how it is derived.
- 8.3 Discuss how plasma clearance of creatinine can be used to estimate GFR. Then, describe how a plasma clearance value can give us an idea of secretion and reabsorption.
- 8.4 Explain what respiratory acidosis and alkalosis are. Explain what metabolic acidosis and alkalosis are.
- 8.5 Use an acid–base nomogram to solve for types of acidosis and alkalosis.
Module 09: Metabolism Lab
- 9.1 Define metabolism.
- 9.2 Explain the difference between basal metabolic rate and resting metabolic rate.
- 9.3 Measure resting metabolic rate.
- 9.4 Define VO2 max, then convert volume of oxygen used to calories expended.
- 9.5 Measure an exercise metabolism.
- 9.6 Research and discuss diet and exercise as weight loss activities.
Module 10: Endocrine Case Study
- 10.1 Use a case study approach to research and diagnose some endocrine disorders.
- 10.2 Use a case study approach to research and understand negative feedback loops that regulate hormones in the case study.
Module 11: Urinary and Reproductive System Anatomy
- 11.1 Identify and understand key terminology relating to the anatomy of the urinary system.
- 11.2 Identify and understand key terminology relating to the anatomy of the reproductive system.
This course will supply all of the reading and online study material that you will need to pass the course. There is no required textbook; however, students often report that they invest significant funds in printing the lab manual files so that they can be stored in a binder. While students are not required to do this, it is recommended that the lab manual be printed and referred to often.
Computer with Internet Access
It is your responsibility to arrange use of a computer with Internet access. (The higher speed you have for your Internet access, the easier the course will be for you to complete.)
** Online Only Students** Microphone and Earphones
You are required to have a microphone for your computer and a set of earphones that will work with your computer and the online meeting tool (Adobe Connect).
The course grade will be determined by the following graded assignments:
- Module practice quizzes for anatomy labs: You may take these as many times as you want, and your highest score will count. We encourage you to take these quizzes many times, for your practice/benefit. There are 3 module practice quizzes for anatomy (20 points each) for a total of 60 points.
- Module exams: These are closed book and on your honor. All of the module exams are fill in the blank. There are 3 Module exams (25 points each) for a total of 75 points.
- Lab worksheets: Labs that teach physiology principles have worksheets. These worksheets are online and must be submitted online for grading. The worksheets have been reproduced in your lab manual in case you want to work on them offline. However, don't forget to put the answers in online, and submit them when you need to have them graded. There are 7 lab worksheets (25 points each) for a total of 175 points.
- Lab Proctored Exams: There are 3 proctored exams (150 points each) for a total of 450 points. Each proctored exam will cover 2 to 3 modules. Proctored exams may include anatomy and physiology principles from that labs. Extra credit option: Instructors will have the discretion to offer extra credit. Please be in contact with your instructor for further information.
TOTAL POINTS FOR COURSE: 760 POINTS
Lab Worksheet Assignments
You will have several lab assignments in addition to learning anatomy. The questions are short answer and essay. They will be graded by the instructor and/or TA and only allow for one attempt. Watch for deadlines as late assignments are not accepted.
PLEASE NOTE: When writing responses to the questions in the lab assignments, the response must be in your own words. Do not copy an answer from information online—unless it is cited—and only for a portion of your explanation. In addition, while group work is encouraged, do not use the same wording for your answer as your partner(s). Doing either of these is considered academic dishonesty.
There are other forms of academic dishonesty besides cheating and plagiarism. Please read through the examples listed. This is not an all-inclusive list but is a sample of what is still considered dishonest, including sharing course quiz questions with online quiz and testing sites.
From the Student Honor Office:
Inadvertent plagiarism involves the inappropriate, but unintentional, use of another's words, ideas, or data without proper attribution. Although not a violation of the Honor Code, it is a form of academic misconduct for which an instructor can impose appropriate academic sanctions.
- Continuing work on an examination or assignment after the allocated time has elapsed.
- Submitting the same work for more than one class without disclosure and approval.
- Getting equal credit on group assignments when equal work was not done.
- Using unauthorized materials during an examination or while completing an assignment.
- Collaborating on an examination or assignment without authorization.
- Obtaining or providing to another a test or answers to a test that has not been administered.
**This course includes three proctored exams.**
Online students are required to take BIO 265L exams in I-learn using a built-in proctoring service called Proctorio. Students will not need to find their own proctor.
In Module 1, you will download the required plug-in to take the proctored exams.
Please post exam or proctoring questions on the Questions and Conversations discussion board.
- A 93%–100%
- A- 90%–92%
- B+ 87%–89%
- B 83%–86%
- B- 80%–82%
- C+ 77%–79%
- C 73%–76%
- C- 70%–72%
- D+ 67%–69%
- D 63%–66%
- D- 60%–62%
- F Less than 60%
You should read the following course policies, and make sure that you understand what these policies mean to you regarding your interactions with the instructor and other students in this course. If you have questions about any of these policies, you should contact your instructor immediately.
Since BIO 265L is a one credit course, at the minimum, you should spend 2–3 hours a week to complete all the learning activities for each module. However, please be advised that 2–3 hours a week may not be enough for you to successfully learn everything that you need to know, so depending on your familiarity with the material, be aware that you may need to spend more dedicated time each week to study and practice the material. It is common for students to spend upwards of 6–10 hours in order to receive an "A" or "B."
In order to keep up with the assignments and learn the most from this class, you should make sure you schedule regular time each day to study. With this course, there is no "time off" for holidays that might occur during the week. Consequently, you should make sure to arrange your study schedule so that any holiday activities do not keep you from completing learning activities.
Students should not ask instructors to extend deadlines or allow makeups. However, it is understood that emergencies happen. It is the responsibility of the student to notify the instructor of such emergencies.
In this class, our interactions with each other should be guided at all times by the following principles of personal honor:
Principles of Personal Honor: "True at all Times"
- Personal honor is integrity in fulfilling commitments, responsibilities, and covenants.
- Personal honor begins with willing obedience and is fully developed when we consistently govern ourselves by true principles.
- Personal honor increases spiritual strength through the ministry of the Holy Ghost.
- Personal honor is central to every aspect of our lives, including the BYU-Idaho experience.
- Personal honor brings us joy and happiness, deepens our desire to love, serve, and lift others, and ultimately helps us to become more like the Savior.
You should make sure that you understand the above principles of personal honor. It is important for all class members to strive to follow the above principles in our associations with one another.
If you have any questions about how personal honor is related to academic honesty or the university's Dress and Grooming Standards, you may visit the University Standards web page (http://www.byui.edu/StudentHonor/UniversityStandards.htm) to get more information.
Students with Disabilities
BYU-Idaho is committed to providing a working and learning atmosphere which reasonably accommodates qualified persons with disabilities. If you have any disability which may impair your ability to complete this course successfully, please contact Disability Services by phone at (208) 496-9210 or via email at firstname.lastname@example.org. Reasonable academic accommodations are reviewed for all students who have qualified documented disabilities. Services are coordinated with the student and instructor by this office. If you need assistance or feel you have been unlawfully discriminated against on the basis of disability, you may seek resolution through established policy and procedures. Contact the Human Resources Office at (208) 496-1700 or via email at email@example.com.
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits sex discrimination against any participant in an educational program which receives federal funds, including federal loans and grants. Title IX also covers student-to-student sexual harassment. If you encounter unlawful sexual harassment or gender-based discrimination, please contact the Human Resources Office at (208) 496-1700 or via email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The instructor reserves the right to change any part of this syllabus at any time during the semester in order to adapt to changing course needs. You will be notified prior to any changes that may take place.